What is Diabetes ?
Diabetes is a health condition where the body either cannot produce insulin or cannot properly use the insulin it produces to function. In 2015 it was recorded that about 1 Billion people in the world were diagnosed with diabetes of either type 1 or type 2. This may be caused by the increasing starchy foods we consume on a daily basis.
Pancreas is the organ that releases hormones into the digestive system. The hormones releases what is called insulin which enables cells to take sugar to use as energy or store up as fat. This activity of the pancreas determines the sugar level in the body.
Types of Diabetes
There are two major types of diabetes. Type 1 and 2
Diabetes 1 surfaces when the immune system mistakenly destroys the beta cells present in the pancreas insulin. Insignificant insulin is released to the body. This in turns causes the buildup of sugar in the cell that disturbed proper function of the body. This is mostly found in children and adolescents.
Diabetes 2 is a situation where the body cannot Properly produce the required insulin. This enhances the buildup of sugar in the cells. This case is found mostly in adults and sometimes in children also.
Studies shows that patients are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if they are not physically active and are overweight or obese. Extra weight sometimes causes insulin resistance and is common in people with type 2 diabetes.
How to manage Diabetes
- Eat healthy. Eating healthy for a diabetic’s means cutting down carbs and fatty foods and consuming more of vegetables and proteins. One may consider diets such as the ketosis or palaodiets. Coconut flour, wheat flour and tigernut flour are great substitutes for diabetics who crave for some cookies and bread or pastries.
- Regular Checkup. Don’t miss your doctor’s appointments. Check your insulin level and adhere religiously to your doctor’s DOS and DON’TS.
- Exercises. Simple exercises like walking, and cycling will help you a great deal. Glucose gets taken into the body through muscles. Anytime you exercise, you help your muscles to more easily get the glucose out of the blood and into your body where it is used for energy.
- If your diabetes was caused by obesity or overweight, you can lose weight and start to exercise to stop the progression of diabetes.
- Avoid alcohol. Reduce the intake of alcohol and also quit smoking, if you are a smoker. While moderate amounts of alcohol may cause blood sugar to rise, excess alcohol can actually decrease your blood sugar level — sometimes causing it to drop into dangerous levels, especially for people with type 1 diabetes.